About New Delhi
The Capital of India
Delhi, officially named the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), which includes the Indian capital, is the largest metropolis of India. With a population of 22 million in 2011, the metropolitan region of Delhi is the second most populous city in the world and the largest city in India.
It houses many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains. In 1639 AD, the Mughal emperor Shahjahan built a new walled city in Delhi that served as a capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 until 1857. The British captured Delhi by 1803, and was declared the capital of British-controlled India by George V in 1911. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government.
- Area: 1484 sq. kms (573 sq. miles)
- Population: 22 million (metro area)
- Weather: Summers and winters see a wide variation of temperature. Summer can heat up to 45°C (114°F), while winter drops to 5°C (31°F).